South Africa’s Provinces and Capital Cities

South Africa is divided into nine provinces namely; the Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape, and Western Cape.

Gauteng is the smallest, most crowded, and most urbanised, while the Northern Cape is the largest but arid and mostly empty, taking up almost a third of South Africa’s total land area.

Each of the nine provinces has its own Legislature, Premier, and Executive Council.

ProvinceAreaCapitalLargest CityPopulation (2022)Most Spoken Language
Eastern Cape168,966 km2 (65,238 sq mi)Bhisho (Bisho)Gqeberha (Port Elizabeth)7,230,204Xhosa
Free State129,825 km2 (50,126 sq mi)BloemfonteinBloemfontein2,964,412Sotho
Gauteng18,178 km2 (7,019 sq mi)JohannesburgJohannesburg15,099,422Zulu
KwaZulu-Natal94,361 km2 (36,433 sq mi)PietermaritzburgDurban12,423,907Zulu
Limpopo125,754 km2 (48,554 sq mi)Polokwane (Pietersburg)Polokwane6,572,720Pedi
Mpumalanga76,495 km2 (29,535 sq mi)Mbombela (Nelspruit)Mbombela5,143,324Swazi
North West104,882 km2 (40,495 sq mi)Mahikeng (Mafikeng)Rustenburg3,804,548Tswana
Northern Cape372,889 km2 (143,973 sq mi)KimberleyKimberley1,355,946Afrikaans
Western Cape129,462 km2 (49,986 sq mi)Cape TownCape Town7,433,019Afrikaans